After having selected your topic and mode of presentation, the next step for your History Day Project is the first Annotated Bibliography, which is meant to show that your research is progressing. This is due on Monday, November 20th. (Towards the end of the project we will do another Annotated Bibliography, where you can add more of your sources.) Our librarian, Mrs. Malachowski, is coming in on Tuesday, November 7th, to give a presentation on choosing primary/secondary sources and creating your bibliography. Please take good notes if you are unfamiliar with these parts of the project. As always, continue to check nhd.org for rules and instructions that are specific to the type of project you have chosen.
Here is some information about your first Annotated Bibliography:
Primary Sources A primary source is a piece of information about a historical event or period in which the creator of the source was an actual participant in or a contemporary of a historical moment. The purpose of primary sources is to capture the words, the thoughts and the intentions of the past. Primary sources help you to interpret what happened and why it happened. Examples of primary sources include: documents, artifacts, historic sites, songs, or other written and tangible items created during the historical period you are studying. Secondary Sources A secondary source is a source that was not created first-hand by someone who participated in the historical era. Secondary sources are usually created by historians, but based on the historian’s reading of primary sources. Secondary sources are usually written decades, if not centuries, after the event occurred by people who did not live through or participate in the event or issue. The purpose of a secondary source is to help build the story of your research from multiple perspectives and to give your research historical context. An example of a secondary source is Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era by James M. McPherson, published in 1988. They are a great starting point in helping you see the big picture. Understanding the context of your topic will help you make sense of the primary sources that you find. The primary and secondary sources McPherson used are listed in the bibliography. Another researcher might consult these same primary sources and reach a different conclusion. Citations/Bibliographies We will be using the “MLA format.” *Tip: www.easybib.com is a very helpful resource* Annotated Bibliographies An annotated bibliography is required for all categories. The annotation for each source must explain how the source was used and how it helped you understand your topic. You should also use the annotation to explain why you categorized a particular source as primary or secondary. Sources of visual materials and oral interviews, if used, must also be included. List only those sources that you used to develop your entry. An annotation normally should be only 1-3 sentences long. Visit our Annotated Bibliography page for more information. Conducting Interviews Interviews are not required for an NHD project. Requests to interview historians or other secondary sources are inappropriate. Historians do not interview each other. You are encouraged to read and learn about your topic on your own. Consider interviewing primary sources- eyewitnesses to the events. Learn more at the link below.